The National Anti-Corruption Strategy and its Executive Plan
Strategy Development Path.
In 2016, the Minister of State for Administrative Reform, established a Committee on the elaboration of a national anti-corruption strategy Pursuant to resolution No. 174 of 18 February 2016. Chaired by the advisor to the Prime minister, former judge Saeed Mirza, and including Judge Nada al-Asmar, representative of the discriminatory public prosecution, Judge Bassam Wehbe, representative of the Court of accounts, and Judge Carl Ayrani, representing the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities, as well as Dr. Walid al-Shaar, representing the Ministry of Finance, and Mr. Charbel Sarkis representative of the Ministry of State for Administrative Reform and Secretary of the Committee.
The mini-Committee on the Development of a national anti-corruption strategy has worked for more than 12 consecutive months to prepare the strategy document and has consulted with representatives from the public sector, the private sector and civil society and received technical support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
On 1 March 2017, the committee submitted the first draft of the strategy to the the Minister of State for Administrative Reform, who held two meetings of Committee members to adopt the final version.
On 27 March 2017, the strategy was presented to the head of government during a joint meeting of the members of the Ministerial Committee and the Technical Committee. The meeting ended at the request of the head of government establishment of a follow-up team to develop an operational plan for the strategy in preparation for submission to the Council of Ministers.
The Minister of State for Administrative Reform, and the Minister of Anti-corruption agreed to establish a joint team responsible for the development of the strategy's operational plan in consultation with stakeholders, including the members of the mini-committee, which mainly developed the strategy document.
The joint team, which includes representatives from the respective ministries, met several times and requested information and advice from UNDP, but was unable to make the required progress. As a result, the Minister of State for Administrative Reform requested in October 2017, the UNDP support to speed up the process and enrich it with successful experiences and lessons learned from comparative experiences.
Based on this request, the UNDP developed a team of experts which started their work in January 2018 and completed the preparation of the executive plan over a four-month period.
In 2018: the draft national anti-corruption strategy and its executive plan was finalized and launched under the patronage of the head of Government on 24 April 2018. The strategy comes as a result of the commitment to the Government's ministerial statement, which includes the government's pledge to develop a national anti-corruption strategy and to take fast and effective actions in the sectors most vulnerable to corruption, which is also the result of Lebanon's commitment to the UN Convention to combat corruption, which was acceded to in 2009, especially Article 5.
In 2019: The Minister of State for Administrative Reform presented the draft National anti-corruption strategy to the Council of Ministers and, on the basis of Council of Ministers Decision No. 70 of 4 April 2019, a committee was formed whose task was to update and reformulate the strategy when necessary and to entrust the Ministry of State for Administrative Reform to examine the observations and submit them to the said committee before presenting them to the Council of Ministers. Accordingly, the Ministry has collected observations and held meetings with the Ministries ' working groups to discuss their observations and agree on appropriate amendments in order to bring them to the said committee, which is expected to meet soon.
National anti-corruption strategy project
The project strategy defines the concept of corruption and analyses its causes in Lebanon and defines four main strategic objectives:
Reducing discretionary in the work of the Administration
It also provides the necessary mechanisms and preconditions for the completion of the strategy and presents sixty-three recommendations, thirty-two of which are submitted to the Government in its three executive, legislative and judicial parts, as well as 20 recommendations for independent oversight bodies and 11 supplementary recommendations common to each sector.
The strategy document recommends the adoption of a specific sectoral approach such as the energy, education, health, communications, finance and tender management sectors as a priority, noting that upon completion of their approval, they are to be implemented across all sectors.
The strategy introduces an explanation of the four strategic objectives and the 65 recommendations into a workable and measurable operational plan. It contains 7 major target results by specific output for each.
Building a good society governed by laws and regulations and sponsored by the values of integrity and morality in a democratic, fair and transparent State, which manages the affairs of the country and the investment of its wealth by a rational administrative apparatus, capable of meeting the requirements of development and quality.
The protection of public funds from waste and loss and its use in the implementation of development programs and projects, safeguarding the rights of citizens and enabling them to have access to the best services, well-being and decent lives, by combining the efforts of the three authorities: legislative, executive and judicial, and the participation of all departments, public institutions, municipalities, civil society bodies, the private sector, and the media in various ways.
Reducing discretionary in the work of the Administration
1. Updating and activating the relevant anti-corruption legislation
1.1 إCreating and activating a national anti-corruption national commission
1.2 Developing an effective system of financial disclosure and combating illicit enrichment
1.3 Promoting and protecting corruption detectors
1.4 Developing an effective conflict of interest management system
1.5 Supporting the law of compliance with the right of access to Information Act
1.6 Conducting a periodic review of the completeness and quality of the relevant anti-corruption legislation and its effectiveness
5. Supporting the role of regulatory agencies against corruption
5.1 Modernizing and supporting the central inspection commission
5.2 Developing and supporting the supreme authority for discipline
5.3 Activating the role of the SAI in detecting and responding to acts of corruption
5.4 Supporting the application of the law of the mediator of the republic
5.5 Developing and activating internal auditing
5.6 Strengthening and cooperating to operate the role of regulatory agencies
2. Protecting the integrity of human resources management in the public sector
2.1 Defining roles and responsibilities clearly, and adopting appropriate internal controls for their implementation
2.2 Adhering to standards of transparency and merit in recruitment, compensation and promotion mechanisms
2.3 Establishing an integrated system to promote ethical behaviors in public administration
2.4 Updating and supporting Civil Service Council
6. Enhancing community participation in promoting a culture of integrity
6.1 Raising citizen’s awareness of the effects of corruption
6.2 Supporting investment in emerging generations through education
6.3 Empowering non-State actors to play the role of promoting a culture of integrity
6.4 Developing the capacity of journalists to shed light on corruption cases
6.5 Developing and disseminating a national integrity and corruption index
3. Enhancing the integrity of public tenders and bids
3.1 Supporting tender management to reduce the risk of corruption in the settlements
3.2 Enhancing transparency and accountability in tenders and tenders conducted by the Department of non-bidding
3.3 Developing and approving on a comprehensive legal framework that sponsors public tenders and bids and controls them according to international standards
7. Integrating preventive measures against corruption at the sectoral level
7.1 Enhancing transparency in dealings between public administration and users of public services
7.2 Developing and activating corruption risk management in all ministries and public institutions
7.3 Adopting selected measures to enhance transparency and accountability in priority sectors
4. Supporting the role of the juridical system for anti-corruption
4.1 Supporting the independence and integrity of the judiciary according to international standards
4.2 Enhancing transparency in the administration of courts and subordinate administrations
4.3 Overcoming legal, procedural and technical